Houston Metro Urology

Tuesday, May 19, 2015

Kidney Stones Cause and Prevention

houston metro urology

I feel as though kidney stones have always been portrayed in movies as comedy. The classic scene shows a guy in the urinal saying “Oh boy! Here comes another big one,” followed by dramatic screaming with that fake sitcom laughter in the background. On the contrary, if you have actually ever had the painful experience of passing a kidney stone, you know that they are the furthest thing from humorous.

Kidney stones are composed of tiny, dense mineral deposits that form inside the kidneys. They can have an effect on any part of your urinary tract from your kidneys to the bladder. Stones can form when urine becomes concentrated, which allows minerals to crystallize and clot together. Many of the painful symptoms include; pain on urination, discolored urine, sever pain in the side, pain that spreads to the lower abdomen and groin, and even chills if there is an infection. There are a number of causes that can lead to kidney stone development and increase your risk.


Try to lay off those heavily seasoned meats. A high protein diet along with immense amounts of sodium and sugar can increase your risk. In fact, too much sodium increases the amount of calcium your kidneys must filter which leads to the formation of stones.


Considerable waist size and weight gain have been related to increased risk of kidney stones.

Family and Personal History

If anyone in your family has ever had kidney stones you’re at a greater risk for developing them as well. That goes also with saying; if you have been affected by kidney stones in the past you are much more likely to attain them again.


Not drinking enough water to increase your urine flow puts you at a higher risk.

So these are all the causes, but what steps can you take to prevent kidney stones? For starters, try to drink more water throughout the day. Many doctors recommend passing about 2.6 Quarts of urine every day. Exercising on a daily bases or living in a hot climate increases your sweating so make sure to compensate for the loss of water. Your target urine color should be either light yellow or clear. 

You can continue to eat calcium abundant foods (unless instructed by your doctor otherwise), just be careful with your intake on calcium supplements. Calcium rich foods do not have an effect on the development of kidney stones, but for some people, calcium supplements have increased the risk of kidney stones while others it has decreased the risk. Ask your doctor what is right for you.

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